While enrollment seems to be on the rebound from 2022, higher education institutions are still working to reach their enrollment numbers from early 2020, with over 1 million students less in attendance as of the spring of 2023.
Improving student engagement is a viable solution to increase enrollment numbers while enhancing value in higher education. Student engagement strategies work at the institutional, program, and classroom levels to drive learners' interest in their education and boost institutional success. Learn four essential strategies to improve student engagement in the classroom and drive institutional advancement.
Student engagement strategies work at the institutional, program, and classroom levels to drive learners' interest in their education and boost institutional success. Learn four essential strategies to improve student engagement in the classroom and drive institutional advancement.
How Is Student Engagement Defined?
Student engagement is the overall participation, attention, curiosity, interest, and motivation a student has within the classroom. But student engagement relies on more than just the shoulders of these young scholars.
Teachers have a massive role in developing meaningful engagement with their students. Educators, school leaders, and other adults must cultivate a supportive and stimulating environment. Engagement must start at the top to create a cohesive structure that students are excited to be within. It's more than just getting them to refocus — it's about finding the ideal balance to the student's relationship with their community, leaders, peers, instruction, and curriculum.
Types of Engagement
Engagement is more than just a student's focus. It is a multifaceted idea affected by numerous avenues present within their life. A student failing to take notes might have trouble concentrating, but they might also have emotional troubles in their mind, pulling them away from lectures. Because of this possibility, higher ed institutions must address students holistically.
Within a classroom, student engagement can be divided into three distinct categories:
- Cognitive: Students actively trying to decipher and understand the complex ideas teachers present to them in school display cognitive engagement. Asking for clarification and using strategies to learn the information shows their mental effort in school.
- Emotional: This type of engagement involves a student's positive or negative thoughts and feelings regarding their time in the classroom. They need to feel excited about what they're doing, which gives them a reason to invest their time and energy into their work.
- Behavioral: Behavioral engagement focuses on students' participation in their classes. Answering questions, taking notes, and even attending class are active responses to their schooling.
Goals of Student Engagement
Addressing a holistic version of student engagement might look like any number of positive outcomes, depending on your institution's goals, improvement strategy, and classroom delivery. For example, you might want to develop actionable plans for improving a course based on student feedback. Your goal might be to see students more active in class participation and specific activities. You might also be looking for ways to increase overall degree and course completion.
Whether long- or short-term, all of these goals require active strategies for engaging students. It takes proactive planning to successfully involve and energize students in the classroom and throughout their time at your institution, from onboarding to graduation. Student engagement relies on strategies for:
- Creating a lively and motivating learning environment.
- Fostering communication between students and faculty.
- Promoting student success through hands-on support.
Ultimately, driving student engagement helps you improve your higher education institution as a whole by creating a more active atmosphere of growth and support.
Why Is Student Engagement Important?
Increasingly, higher education institutions are wondering how to increase student engagement on campus. The economic impact of student dropout looms large. Educators and administrators must look for new solutions to distractions, a lack of participation, and the repercussions of lost tuition.
Finding creative ways to engage students leads to many benefits, both in student outcomes and institutional achievement. Increasing student engagement turns these scenarios around by supporting students to achieve learning outcomes and assisting the institution with meeting its goals.
Students also benefit from an institution's guidance, investment, and support. According to a recent survey of college students from 13 countries, 88% said the quality of faculty played a significant role in student success, while 86% reported that engaging classroom content and hands-on learning opportunities were also vital. Engaged students see academic results in the present and are also 4.5 times more likely to feel hopeful about the future, enjoying long-term benefits of a stimulating environment.
Collecting and assessing data about these types of program-wide metrics through surveying, interviewing, and observing students helps higher education institutions drive institutional improvement. Educators also have much to gain from this information to understand how to alter their own practice and better satisfy their students' needs.
How to Increase Student Engagement
Student engagement strategies are approaches educators and administrators use in curriculum planning and course delivery to spark student investment in learning. A successful strategy might include tactics ranging from changing course material to updating old assessment methods.
Learn how to improve student engagement with this student engagement strategies list:
1. Make Class Time Valuable
Designing a classroom experience that offers students truly valuable information and opportunities can do wonders for increasing engagement. When students feel that their time in the classroom is engaging, challenging, and equipping them to develop new skills, they'll tackle assignments and opportunities with greater enthusiasm. Making class time more valuable also boosts attendance and degree completion.
Here are some approaches for making time in the classroom the best it can be:
- Connect curriculum to real-world situations: 80% of college students view career or work readiness as the key indicator of student success. Make learning processes relevant to students' life experiences and career goals by using real-world examples. Courses should include activities that allow students to solve real problems through collaboration and experimentation.
- Create an environment of active learning: Active learning is at the core of student engagement. Present course material using multiple methods, including activities that allow students to summarize, reflect on, and apply what they've learned.
- Allow students to question and share: Allowing students to make and share discoveries with others opens new learning opportunities. Encourage student-led learning, giving students time to explore the material independently, ask questions, and discuss information in small groups.
2. Value Student Input
The key to understanding engagement is to realize that every student is unique and engages in different ways. Some thrive in large group settings, while others prefer working one-on-one with classmates or alone. Talk to your students to better understand what's working and not working for them.
Your students have voices, expectations, and opinions. Listen to student feedback about the classroom experience, the value of the program, and concerns about success to make them feel heard. Perform student assessments often to gather good feedback. End-of-course evaluations are a great way to turn student feedback into tangible improvements. Take advantage of that data to address student needs right away with next steps. You can also use end-of-module and mid-module surveys to determine learning success.
Once you've gathered student input, it's essential to carefully consider it and develop actionable next steps to complete the cycle of engagement. When students feel that their feedback truly makes a difference, they're more likely to give it consistently and honestly. Assessing feedback also offers administrators a benchmark for measuring your institution's success and designing future success strategies.
3. Collaborate With Students on Their Success
Providing tailored attention to students is one of the best ways to improve student engagement. Students need institutional support as they decide on a career path, tackle the challenges of new courses, and prepare to graduate. While your higher education institution may have counselors for this purpose, assessing student data gives you a clearer insight into success and helps you devise intervention strategies.
- Use technology to begin the conversation: Go beyond counseling to get to data-driven insights about the struggles and successes of your students. Student success software generates advanced reports on student data and sends them to the instructors and administrators who can make a difference.
- Develop guided pathways: Once you have the data, help students on their educational journey with guided avenues for success. Collaborate with students to create action plans for their academic progress.
- Monitor attendance: Attendance tracking gauges student engagement. Monitor attendance to proactively reach out to absent students and determine how to get them back on track.
4. Utilize Technology
An excellent strategy for boosting student engagement involves making education more convenient through technology. By implementing technology tools, you meet the students where they are — online. Many students prefer working on their devices, while others may enjoy communicating online more than in person. Digital learning can help connect students with the instructor, the content, and one another.
Use technology in these ways to promote engagement in and out of the classroom:
- Encourage engagement on social media: Social media can be an excellent tool for student engagement, as long as you follow safety and privacy guidelines. Use students' familiarity with social media to create conversations that extend online.
- Take advantage of the learning management system: Higher education learning management systems are designed to simplify involvement. Utilize this system by keeping collaborative documents, discussion boards, slides, activities, and supplemental content like videos in your institution's system. This makes it easy for students to access all the content they need for a course.
Access Student Insights With Watermark
Your higher education institution can do a lot to improve student engagement and meet its goals. Develop actionable steps for increasing engagement by gathering, processing, and measuring data from your students. Tapping into these insights helps you plan for and work toward success.
At Watermark, we provide services that enable higher education institutions to build a picture of student performance, assess programs, and drive continuous improvement. Our solutions help you make sense of the data by delivering intelligent insights and empowering you to develop actionable next steps for improving institutional effectiveness and learning outcomes.
Request a demo of our solutions today to see how Watermark can help your institution and learners thrive.
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